+ Study. Galatians 1. By Fabian Massa

Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.



Chapter Outline

   A.  Greetings from Paul  1.1-1.5

1 I am writing, I, Paul. I was appointed apostle not by any group of people or any human authority, but by Jesus Christ Himself and God the Father, who raised Jesus from the dead.
2 All the brothers here join me to send this letter I write to the churches of Galatia.
3 May God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ [a] Grace and peace. 4 Just as God our Father planned, Jesus gave his life for our sins to rescue us from this evil world in which we live. 5 To God be the glory forever and ever! Amen.

This section is very important for several reasons:

Paul is disclosed as 1.1 to author
Says his ministry against those who accuse him of not being a true Apostle, because it did not meet the requirements of being a disciple during Jesus' ministry and witness of the Resurrection (Peter defines conditions Hch.1.21-22 2). Paul confirms that this is so and said that his ministry Jesus gave him personally (Acts. 9.1-5)
Paul also writes the letter with a corporate support of the Church 1.2: "All brothers here join me to send this letter"
Recipients are defined clearly in Gal. 1.2: "... I write to the churches of Galatia".
The Apostle wishes that God grant you Grace and Peace: The Greek word is charis, which means grace in the theological sense (unmerited favor), but also beauty of character and friendly to all being: I mean, you want in them see reflected the grace of Christ, they find favor with the people and that their acts are acceptable both to God and men. They also want peace, shalom in Heb. And eirene Greek [1]. This word means to have peace in all circumstances, knowing that God is in control of everything and that all things work together for good to those who fear the Lord. (Romans 8:28).

B. Main purpose of the letter to the Galatians.

After the introductory greeting, Paul falls squarely within the subject that occupies: In the churches of Galatia had infiltrated Judaizers who were preaching a distorted gospel: "To be a good Christian, had first to be Jewish and meet requirements Law of Moses "

6 I am shocked that you are turning away so soon from God, who called himself through the loving mercy of Christ. [B] They are following a different gospel, which appears to be the Good News, 7 but it is not in absolute. They are being deceived by those who deliberately distort the truth about Christ.
8 If someone-either us or even an angel from heaven preaches another Good News different from that which we have preached to you, that God's curse fall. 9 I repeat what I have already said: if anyone preaches another distinct good news that you have been given, that person is cursed.
10 It is clear that it is not my intention to win the favor of the people, but to God. If my goal was to please people, I would not be a servant of Christ.


Paul reminds some key points of his preaching:

6.1a Christians are called by God (not by Paul, the pastor or evangelist, who are ultimately the instrument God uses) because we were predestined by God to be saved (Romans 8:30; Gal 1:15;. Cf. Eph 1.3 -5)
6.1b The Galatians had believed in the gospel of grace and were saved by faith. Now Judaizing were teaching them to be saved and accepted in the Lord only by the works of the Law.
6.10 The Judaizers accused Paul of preaching an "easy" gospel since he was only saved by "believe" no need "to do" under the law. Paul's answer is that he does not seek to please people, but to God.


C. Paul's testimony.

Paul's message from Christ
11 Beloved brothers, I want you to understand that the gospel message I preach is not based on a simple human reasoning. 12 Not received my message of any human source nobody taught me. Instead, I received it by direct revelation of Jesus Christ. [C]
Paul has in mind his personal experience with Jesus on the road to Damascus (Hch.9.1-9)
13 You know how I behaved when it belonged to the Jewish religion and how violently persecuted the church of God. I did my best to destroy it. 14 I far exceeded my Jewish compatriots in my zeal for the traditions of my ancestors.

This paragraph is also an internal evidence of authorship of Paul, and that history can intersect Acts. 7.54 8.1 - 3. Paul had agreed with the stoning of Stephen and was an important player in the persecution that arose in Jerusalem immediately after. In Hch.9.1 3, Saul had obtained letters of authorization to pursue and bring to Jerusalem deported Christians who had fled to Syria.

15 But even before I was born, God chose me and called me by his amazing grace. Then he was pleased 16 to reveal his Son [d] that I proclaimed to the Gentiles [e] the good news about Jesus.
When this happened, I do not I conferred with any human being. [F] 17 Neither went up to Jerusalem to seek advice from those who were apostles before me. Instead, I went to the region of Arabia and later returned to Damascus.
18 Then three years later I went to Jerusalem to see Peter [g] and stayed with him fifteen days. 19 The only other apostle I met at that time was James, the Lord's brother. 20 I declare before God that no lie is what I write.

1.16b - 1.17a Paul did not hurry to do anything, he went to Arabia, a desert region to be alone and ponder what had happened. He also went to Jerusalem to consult with the other Apostles.

1.17b Paul took the hard way and went to Damascus, where everyone knew what their first plans: to pursue and annihilate the Church. Paul returned to those who wanted to harm to preach the Gospel.

Acts 1.18. 9.26 Luke does not mention the period of 3 years between Paul's conversion and his visit to Peter in Jerusalem, probably because it was irrelevant for the purpose of his story, but here the difference Paul wants to make clear that his call and ministry was totally independent of men.

21 After that visit, I headed north to the provinces of Syria and Cilicia.22 And yet, in Christ churches in Judea did not know me personally yet. 23 All they knew of me was what people said, "He who formerly persecuted us is now preaching the very faith he tried to destroy!". 24 And they praised God because of me.


D. Conclusions

Mark 4.1-8 Jesus preached the parable of the sower. One example was: 5 Other (seed) fell on shallow soil with rock beneath it. The seeds sprouted quickly because the soil was shallow; 6 But the plants soon wilted under the hot sun, and since they did not have deep roots, they died. As we saw in the introduction to Galatians [2], they do not have "roots" in the Word, were 100% and Gentiles did not know, the same thing happened and happens among us: Nor had any knowledge of the Scriptures. When Paul preached Grace, they received salvation and were glad, but when he went and got the Judaizing, were deceived by not having knowledge of Scripture and not have discernment of prophecy or dispensations.

It is exactly what happens today with 99% of the congregations receive the word, rejoice and then are confused by current Judaizing. The only antidote: Know the Scriptures.

Jesus said, "You shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free" (John 8:32) Truth is the Word of God and the role of the Church is to teach in depth. A Christian who does not know the Scripture, is an easy target for false teachers and false prophets, which abound.


Text: Galatians 1 New Living Translation (NLT) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=G%C3%A1latas+1&version=NTV

[1] New Testament Commentary by William Barclay, Galatians 1, page 685.
[2] Spanish http://www.tesorosdesabiduria.com/2016/01/study-como-estudiar-un-libro-de-la.html
Inglés http://www.tesorosdesabiduria.com/2016/01/study-studying-book-of-entire-bible.html





Galatians 1 - Gospel of Grace vs. Judaizing.

Fabian Blogs Massa.

ENE 2016

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