19 STUDY. Week 70: The reason for the title. By Fabian Massa.

Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.

"Week 70" is the last week of years of prophecy is related in Chapter IX of the book of Daniel. To understand the prophecy is necessary to understand the historical context and the biblical Daniel IX.

A. A little history

In 538 B.C. the army of Cyrus king of Persia, who came to conquer the territories deterritorios Media [1], Syria and Lydia [2] laid siege to the city of Babylon. According to Herodotus [3], on the night of October 12, 539 BC, Nabonidus was killed [4]. The priests of Marduk betrayed Nabónido (2nd Lord of the Kingdom since the 1st Lord was Nabopolasar) and opened all the interior doors of the streets leading to the river [5], for there were walls with doors on both sides of the Euphrates, also the palace gates were also left open so that the city was accessible everywhere.
Gobrias [6], usually Persian exercised, entered without battle [7] [in Babylon on 12 October 539. C., Ciro coming several days later. Dario [8] was appointed as governor of Babylon and deputy governors were appointed in the smaller provinces. For the conquest of Babylon, Cyrus had substantial support of the Babylonian priesthood, which was faced with Nabónido because of his religious reforms.

Daniel related the fall of Babylon to the end of the exile of the Jewish people. The Jews had been deported to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC In the book of Jeremiah 39.1 - 2 we read: "In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon came with all his army against Jerusalem and besieged In eleven. Zedekiah, in the fourth month, on the ninth day of the month, a breach was made in the city and all the princes of the king of Babylon came in it ... "Jeremiah had prophesied that the people of Judah would happen 70 years [9] in exile to serve the king of Babylon (Jer 25.11).
The text relates that Daniel was praying, confessing the sins of the Jewish nation and asking God's forgiveness when the Angel Gabriel appears to him in a vision and tells you things to come:

22 "Daniel, I have come at this time so that you understand everything clearly. 23 As soon as you began to pray, God answered your prayer. I have come to tell you because you are very appreciated. So heed my words, to understand the visión.24 "" Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city to end their transgressions and sins to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness , seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy. 25 "" He understands well the following: There will be seven weeks since the promulgation of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem until the arrival of the prince chosen. After that, he and sixty-two weeks. Then Jerusalem will be rebuilt with streets and walls. But when times apremien 26 after the sixty-two weeks, he was put to death the prince chosen. This city will run out without sanctuary, for a future ruler will destroy them. The end will come like a flood, and the destruction will not stop until the war ends. 27 For a week He will confirm a covenant with many, but by mid-week put an end to the sacrifices and offerings. On one wing of the temple commit horrible sacrilege, until you come upon the disastrous end that has been decreed. '"Dan. 9.22 - 27 NIV

The angel Gabriel explained how they should understand the seventy years of desolation announced by Jeremiah. They are seventy weeks of years, falling into three periods:

I. A first seven weeks of years: This period forty-nine years, will extend from the exit of the "word" (the decree) for the rebuilding of Jerusalem to "the anointed one, a prince". Scholars say that this decree would be signed Artaxerxes I of Persia in 445 BC (Neh 2 7 -. 9) in which authorized Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem [10]. Another decree to rebuild the temple is Ciro I "The Great (539 BC) [11]" that allowed the departure of Ezra, type and teacher of religious law who introduced the reform and formatted the Hebrew Bible [12] (the Old Testament of our Bible) [13] It is important to relate the various biblical texts depending on the historical moment, so one begins to understand that everything is of the Holy Spirit, it is humanly impossible to link so perfectly events [14].

II. Adding the first stage of 49 years (1 week of years) + the 2nd of 434 years (62 weeks) gives us the time during which the Anointed (Messiah) would be manifested. Then we have 49 + 434 = 483 years. Like the Jews used a lunar calendar (year = 360 days) to calculate the appearance of the Messiah should convert solar year (365 days): 483 x 360 days = 173,880 days / 365 = 476.34 solar years. Years out of the decree of Artaxerxes -445 BC + = 476.34 prophecy between the years 30 and 31 AD It would be the manifestation of the Messiah. This is consistent with the information given in the Bible: Jesus himself began his ministry was like thirty years Lk. 3.23 ie circa 30 A.D.

III. 26After the sixty-two weeks, he was put to death the prince chosen. In the third year of Christ's ministry, this was crucified. This city will run out without sanctuary, for a future ruler will destroy them. Mt. 24.2 Jesus himself confirms this prophecy when he says: Do you see all this? Verily I say to you, not be left here one stone upon than derribada.Y Jesus was referring to the Temple and Jerusalem. Regarding the time of these events Jesus announced: 34 Verily I say unto you, this generation will not pass away until all these things. At that time a generation spanning 40 years. Which was fulfilled because in 70 during the great Jewish revolt against Rome, the Emperor sent to Jerusalem to Gral. Tito, who razed the city and the Temple, killing a million people.

IV. It is important to understand that between weeks 69 and 70 God has brought a time of grace in which we all have the opportunity to repent and turn to God, before the final events are unleashed. In the last week a destroyer prince (the Antichrist) will covenant with many. There will be peace for the first three and a half years but then betray the alliance and will cease the sacrifice and the oblation and reigns abomination of desolation, until you reach your destination.

V. The events of the 70th week are perfectly prophesied. Some things have already been fulfilled and others are waiting. But this goes for the upcoming talks.

[1] Although the boundaries of Media were never fully established, its territory corresponded to the northwest of modern Iran. Its capital was Ecbatana, the present city of Hamadan. Its western part is dominated by Woodlands in. Zagros and Assyria bordered to the south with Elam and Persis (Fars), in the arid east with Parthia, and north, Media was separated from the Caspian Sea and Armenia by the Elburz Mountains.
[2] or the Kingdom of Lidia Lidia was a historic region in western Anatolia, in what is now the Turkish provinces of Izmir and Manisa. It was kingdom and empire since the fall of the Hittite Empire until its conquest by the Persians, according to some sources from 1300. C. and, according to others, from 718 to 546 BC
[3] Herodotus of Halicarnassus was a Greek historian and geographer who lived between 484 and 425 BC
[4] Daniel 5.30
[5] At the time that Nabonidus reigned [5] in Babylon (between 556 and 539 BC), the city of Babylon spread over an area of ​​approximately 850 ha. Thanks to archeology now know that at that time, the city was almost rectangular (about 2400 mx 1600 m). Heavily fortified and divided into two unequal parts by the Euphrates River area. The outer wall Nebuchadnezzar II added a second internal wall. Nabónido in turn added an interior wall between the city and the river, creating a new door for the passage over the bridge to the west side of town [5]. In essence, Babylon was a succession of walled enclosures, one inside the other, geometrically regulated by right angles. The wall of the interior consisted of a double defensive belt 7 meters wide, to which was added a pit connected to the river that surrounded her. The space between the two walls about 12 m was filled with soil in full height. There was a tower each about 50 m, which it is estimated that there were about 350. The defense was completed with bars broce with iron bars submerged in the Euphrates, where finished the walls, to prevent the enemy could ford the river for their shallows. These are bars that Scripture refers to Is. 45.2B.
[6] General Noble Gobrias Persian Cyrus the Great. He played an important role in the Persian capture of Babylon in October 539. C. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ciro_II_el_Grande#cite_note-3
[7] The idea of ​​non-violent conquest is presented by the Chronicle of Nabonidus and Cyrus Cylinder. However, administrative documents indicate repair the fortifications of Babylon months after its conquest.
[8] Darius the Mede in the biblical book of Daniel was the successor to the throne of the Chaldean king Belshazzar (Nabonidus) when the Persian forces of Cyrus II "the Great" conquered the city of Babylon. By then Darius was about sixty-two years. He reigned from 539-537 a. C. as the real ruler of the Medo-Persian Empire. Darius of Persia A identifies him as the son of Ahasuerus of the seed of the Medes. Apart from the information that is in the Bible, nothing is definitely known about Darius the Mede. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dario_el_Medo
[9] The seventy years of desolation of Jerusalem began in 586, with the destruction of the Temple of Yahweh and lasted until 516 with the inauguration of the new Temple. Whitley also agrees with this in his work Vetus Testamentum vol. IV p. 60 to 62.
[10] Ezra and Nehemiah are one book in the Hebrew scriptures, because they are part of the same story. In fact, the books of Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther all come to the same general period of Israel's history. In the book of Esther, she was the wife of King Ahasuerus of Persia, Artaxerxes mentioned in the opening chapters of Nehemiah. When Nehemiah came to the king. "The king (the queen sitting beside him) ... that could have been be Queen Esther (Neh 2.6.) In particular, Ezra and Nehemiah relate the events of an entire century since. 538 BC (decree of Cyrus of Persia, Is. 45.1 -4) to the end of the activity of Nehemiah in 432 BC
[11] The Edict of Ecbatana: (City which was adopted by Cyrus as the capital of Media in 549 BC) 2Cr.36.22 - 23: Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord be fulfilled by mouth Jeremiah, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation and writing throughout all his kingdom, saying, 23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, Jehovah, the God of heaven, He has given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he has charged me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and rise. The decree of Cyrus was discovered by Hormuzd Rassam (1826-1910) in the library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh. It is now preserved in the British Museum. The decree Nabonidus Cyrus accuses of failing to protect the land and city, and the inhabitants of Babylon. Nabonidus had turned against the priestly class of Babylon to modify the cult of Marduk, god of the polytheistic sovereign assembly of Babylon. He also forced the people to the state compulsory service for one year. The priestly class of Babylon and key to the city given to Cyrus, promising to restore this cult to different gods. AT parallels Victor Matthews and Don Benjamin. Ed. Sal Terrae, page 195.
[12] Ezra, as a servant of the Temple of Jerusalem, attempts to show that the only logical form of government for Israel is Theocracy. It follows, therefore, the canon known as "History deuterocanonical" (which was already finished when he begins to compose Ezra) formed by the books Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, I and II Samuel I and II Kings I and II.http: / /es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libro_de_Esdras
[13] Reference Library Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2005. © 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation.
[14] There is a relationship between Dan. 5 Dan. 9 with the fall of the Babylonian Empire at the hands of Cyrus I. This conquest was prophesied by Isaiah (Is 45.1 -. 4) The decree of Cyrus is fulfilled in the Book of Ezra. In the same way that the decree of Artaxerxes is true in the book of Nehemiah. Exile and its duration of 70 years had been prophesied by Jeremiah (Jer 25.11)

19 STUDY. Week 70: The reason for the title. By Fabian Massa, writer


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