Study. Pagan Festivals in Solstice . By Fabian Massa.
- The Feast of Brumales / Saturnalia : Celebrations in honor of Bacchus ( god of wine ) Saturn (god of seed : life , so " Saturnalia " is also called ) and Demeter . They were characterized by binge on food , drink and all sorts of chaos . Until today , the word " Bacchanal " is synonymous orgy. This festival is celebrated from 17 to 24 December . Gifts are exchanged and families are invited to eat , for which large banquets were organized. They were days when all activity stopped, even war.
- On December 25th the birth of the Sun (Mitra ) Persian cult devotee which was held Constantine the Great , was a popular cult among the Roman Army and spread throughout the Empire .